Prevalensi dan Karakteristik Buta Warna pada Populasi Urban di Jakarta

Syntia Nusanti, M.


Purpose: To report the prevalence of color blindness in urban population in Jakarta

Methods: This study is a part of the Urban Eye Health Study. Color vision examination was performed using Ishihara on adult and pediatric subjects with 6/6 vision. If incorrect reading was present, the examination was later continued by using Farnsworth Munsell Hue D 15, then proceeded with completing questionnaire.

Results: The pediatric respondents in this study was 435 (6-16 years old). From that number of subjects, 5,97% of children had color blind. Meanwhile, the adult respondents (41-77 years old) in this study was 1040 with 3.26% of respondents had color blind. There were 100% of pediatric respondents diagnosed with congenital color blindness. Eighty-eight point twenty four percent of adult respondents were diagnosed with congenital color blindness while the remaining 11.76% were diagnosed with acquired color blindness.

Conclusions: The prevalence of congenital color blindness in this study was 3,79%, as much as 88,24% from the adult group and 100% from the pediatric group.


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Syntia Nusanti
Nusanti , S. ., & Sidik, M. (2021). Prevalensi dan Karakteristik Buta Warna pada Populasi Urban di Jakarta. Ophthalmologica Indonesiana, 47(2), 79–85.

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